Implementation of project-based learning for improve students' critical thinking skills in creative product and entrepreneurship subjects

  • Roza Febrianti Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Yufrizal A Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Randi Purnama Putra Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Phonepasith Phongdala Department of Forest Resources, Faculty of Agriculture and Forest Resources, Souphanouvong University, Laos
Keywords: Project Based Learning, critical thinking, creative products and entrepreneurship subject, mechanical engineering course, vocational high school


The implementation of monotonous learning that lacks active student participation can contribute to the low critical thinking skills of students. This research aims to enhance students' critical thinking skills through the application of project-based learning (PjBL). The study evaluates the extent to which students' critical thinking skills can be improved through the implementation of PjBL. The research employs a Quasi-Experimental method. The study subjects consist of two groups: the experimental group, which utilizes the PjBL, and the control group, which follows a conventional model. Overall, after conducting prerequisite tests and hypothesis testing, a significant difference in critical thinking scores is observed between the experimental and control groups. Students are provided with the opportunity to exercise their critical thinking skills during the execution of project tasks. Consequently, it can be concluded that the PjBL model positively impacts the essential thinking abilities of 11th-grade machanical engineering students in creative products and entrepreneurship subject.


Amin, A. M., Corebima, A. D., Zubaidah, S., & Mahanal, S. (2020). The correlation between metacognitive skills and critical thinking skills at the implementation of four different learning strategies in animal physiology lectures. European Journal of Educational Research, 9(1), 143–163.

Andersen, R., & Rustad, M. (2022). Using Minecraft as an educational tool for supporting collaboration as a 21st century skill. Computers and Education Open, 3(June), 100094.

Aziz, W. A., Wulansari, R. E., Putra, R. P., Tun, H. M., Tin, C. T., & Ya, K. Z. (2023). Project-based learning module on creativity and entrepreneurship products subject: Validity and empirical effect. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan, 6(3), 216–227.

Azmi, Z. L., Fathurohman, A., & Marlina, L. (2022). Validity and Practicality of Student Worksheets on Waves and Sounds for Junior High School Students. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 8(4), 2058–2064.

Bayley, S. H. (2022). Learning for adaptation and 21st-century skills: Evidence of pupils’ flexibility in Rwandan primary schools. International Journal of Educational Development, 93(March), 102642.

Bezanilla, M. J., Fernández-Nogueira, D., Poblete, M., & Galindo-Domínguez, H. (2019). Methodologies for teaching-learning critical thinking in higher education: The teacher’s view. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 33(June), 100584.

Charfeddine, L., & Umlai, M. (2023). ICT sector, digitization and environmental sustainability: A systematic review of the literature from 2000 to 2022. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 184(1), 113482.

González-Alonso, F., Guillén-Gámez, F. D., & de Castro-Hernández, R. M. (2020). Methodological analysis of the effect of an antibullying programme in secondary education through communicative competence: a pre-test—post-test study with a control-experimental group. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(9), 1–16.

Hamilton, D., McKechnie, J., Edgerton, E., & Wilson, C. (2021). Immersive virtual reality as a pedagogical tool in education: a systematic literature review of quantitative learning outcomes and experimental design. In Journal of Computers in Education (Vol. 8, Issue 1). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

Jalinus, N., & Nabawi, R. A. (2018). The instructional media development of welding practice course based on PjBL model: Enhancing student engagement and student competences. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 24(4), 383–397.

Jalinus, N., Sukardi, S., Wulansari, R. E., Heong, Y. M., & Kiong, T. T. (2023). Teaching activities for supporting students’ 4cs skills development in vocational education. Journal of Engineering Researcher and Lecturer, 2(2), 28–37.

Jalinus, N., Syahril, & Nabawi, R. A. (2019). A comparison of the problem-solving skills of students in pjBL versus CPjBL model: An experimental study. Journal of Technical Education and Training, 11(1), 36–43.

Kabir, M. R., Islam, A., & Deena, S. A. (2020). Explaining the adoption of technology-based design of higher education during and after COVID 19 period from a developing country perspective. Interaction Design and Architecture(s), 46, 88–119.

Le, S. K., Hlaing, S. N., & Ya, K. Z. (2022). 21st-century competences and learning that Technical and vocational training. Journal of Engineering Researcher and Lecturer, 1(1), 1–6.

Mahanal, S., Zubaidah, S., Sumiati, I. D., Sari, T. M., & Ismirawati, N. (2019). RICOSRE: A learning model to develop critical thinking skills for students with different academic abilities. International Journal of Instruction, 12(2), 417–434.

Miller, C. J., Smith, S. N., & Pugatch, M. (2020). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs in implementation research. Psychiatry Research, 283(June 2019), 112452.

Miranda, J., Navarrete, C., Noguez, J., Molina-Espinosa, J. M., Ramírez-Montoya, M. S., Navarro-Tuch, S. A., Bustamante-Bello, M. R., Rosas-Fernández, J. B., & Molina, A. (2021). The core components of education 4.0 in higher education: Three case studies in engineering education. Computers and Electrical Engineering, 93(June), 107278.

Ramdani, A., Jufri, A. W., Gunawan, Fahrurrozi, M., & Yustiqvar, M. (2021). Analysis of students’ critical thinking skills in terms of gender using science teaching materials based on the 5e learning cycle integrated with local wisdom. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 10(2), 187–199.

Saputra, M. D., Joyoatmojo, S., Wardani, D. K., & Sangka, K. B. (2019). Developing critical-thinking skills through the collaboration of Jigsaw model with problem-based learning model. International Journal of Instruction, 12(1), 1077–1094.

Shaw, A., Liu, O. L., Gu, L., Kardonova, E., Chirikov, I., Li, G., Hu, S., Yu, N., Ma, L., Guo, F., Su, Q., Shi, J., Shi, H., & Loyalka, P. (2020). Thinking critically about critical thinking: validating the Russian HEIghten® critical thinking assessment. Studies in Higher Education, 45(9), 1933–1948.

Suradika, A., Dewi, H. I., & Nasution, M. I. (2023). Project-Based Learning and Problem-Based Learning Models in Critical and Creative Students. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 12(1), 153–167.

Sutianah, C., & Sobandi, B. (2022). Project-Based Learning Through Digital Printing Techniques To Improve Students’ Local Cultural Innovation Creativity. Journal of Education Technology, 6(3), 450–458.

Syahril, S., Nabawi, R. A., & Safitri, D. (2021). Students’ Perceptions of the Project Based on the Potential of their Region: A Project-based Learning Implementation. Journal of Technology and Science Education, 11(2), 295–314.

Tanhan, A., Karaman, M. A., & Nalbant, A. (2020). The Effect of Counselling on Anxiety Level from the Perspective of Ecological Systems Theory: A Quasi-experimental Pre-test - Post-test Control Group Study. International Journal of Psychology and Educational Studies, 7(3), 58–69.

Untari, R. S., Kamdi, W., Dardiri, A., Hadi, S., & Nurhadi, D. (2020). The Development and Application of Interactive Multimedia in Project-Based Learning to Enhance Students’ Achievement for 2D Animation Making. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 15(16), 17.

Yanto, R., Silalahi, B., & Panjaitan, D. (2023). The role of talent management in creating a competitive advantage for vocational high school teachers in the era of globalization. Journal of Management Science, 6(3), 263–268.

How to Cite
Febrianti, R., A, Y., Putra, R., & Phongdala, P. (2023). Implementation of project-based learning for improve students’ critical thinking skills in creative product and entrepreneurship subjects. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Kejuruan, 6(4), 240-247.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.